What is The Circular Reasoning Fallacy? | Critical Thinking Basics

 

Explanation. Examples. How to avoid the Circular Reasoning fallacy.

What the Circular Reasoning fallacy is:

The Circular Reasoning fallacy, also known as begging the question, occurs when an argument’s premise assumes the truth of the conclusion, creating a logical loop without providing meaningful evidence.

When it occurs:

This fallacy occurs when the argument’s reasoning relies on a conclusion that is also present in its premises.

Why it helps to identify and manage it:

Identifying Circular Reasoning is vital for maintaining the integrity of logical arguments, as it exposes a lack of substantive evidence or valid reasoning. Managing this fallacy promotes the development of more robust and well-supported arguments.

How to manage the Circular Reasoning fallacy:

To address Circular Reasoning, encourage individuals to provide external evidence or reasoning that supports their claims. Emphasize the need for arguments to stand on their own merits and avoid relying on conclusions that are merely restatements of the premises. Promoting logical rigor enhances the quality of discussions and reasoning.

Circular Reasoning: Examples

  1. “The Bible is the inspired word of God because it says so.”
  2. “I am a good person because I always do what is right.”
  3. “This policy is the best choice because it is the most superior option.”
  4. “The supernatural exists because there are things that cannot be explained naturally.”
  5. “Freedom of speech is essential because people should be allowed to express themselves freely.”
  6. “My beliefs are true because they are what I sincerely believe.”
  7. “The law is just because it upholds what is right.”